CABI scientists have led new analysis which highlights the security of a classical organic management agent towards the devastating invasive fruit fly Drosophila suzukii which assaults over 150 wild and cultivated fruits, together with cherries, blueberries and strawberries, in addition to the fruits of decorative vegetation.
Drosophila suzukii, or generally referred to as Noticed Wing Drosophila, is a frugivorous insect native to Jap Asia that was by chance launched to the Americas and Europe within the 2000s, the place it quickly unfold. In contrast to sympatric Drosophila species in invaded areas, D. suzukii females are capable of lay eggs inside unwounded ripening fruits because of their specialised egg-laying organ that’s geared up with noticed enamel, offering it with a singular area of interest nearly free from competitors.
The ensuing excessive abundance of D. suzukii is resulting in intensive injury, making it a serious downside for fruit growers, particularly within the delicate fruit business.
Area cage releases of the parasitoid G1 Ganaspis cf. brasiliensis carried out in two areas of Switzerland in August 2021 helps findings from beforehand carried out laboratory-based experiments and the low threat for non-target results on native Drosophila spp.
The examine, carried out with colleagues from the Repubblica e Cantone Ticino, Agroscope, and the Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAS) of ETH Zurich, and – all in Switzerland, revealed that larvae of the goal species D. suzukii feeding in recent fruits was readily parasitized and of 957 rising parasitoids, just one was from larvae of the non-target species D. melanogaster feeding on decomposing fruits.
Launched parasitoids had the selection to parasitize both D. suzukii larvae in recent fruits, blueberries or elderberries, or the non-target native species D. melanogaster in decomposing fruits, which is their pure habitat.“
Dr Lukas Seehausen, Research Lead Researcher, CABI
“The outcomes have been unequivocal in that parasitism of D. suzukii larvae feeding in recent fruits was on common 15%, whereas just one parasitoid emerged from D. melanogaster feeding on decomposing fruits, which is a mere 0.02% parasitism.
“The outcomes achieved below semi-field situations helps findings from earlier laboratory experiments that the parasitoid G1 G. cf. brasiliensis is extremely particular to D. suzukii larvae feeding in recent fruits and parasitism of the intently associated D. melanogaster naturally feeding on decomposing fruits could be very uncommon.
“As a result of in its invaded vary, D. suzukii is the one Drosophila species that may assault and develop in undamaged recent fruits, we conclude that doable non-target impacts are a low and acceptable threat for the management of the harmful invasive noticed wing drosophila.”
Seehausen, M. L., et al. (2022) Massive-arena discipline cage releases of a candidate classical organic management agent for noticed wing drosophila recommend low threat to non-target species. Journal of Pest Science. doi.org/10.1007/s10340-022-01487-3.
#CABI #scientists #reveal #security #classical #organic #management #agent #Drosophila #suzukii