Persistent opioid use amongst 12% of sufferers after cardiac implantable digital machine procedures

About 12 p.c of sufferers who obtain implantable cardiac gadgets akin to a pacemaker or defibrillator and fill an opioid prescription after surgical procedure will persistently use the ache medicine within the months afterward, elevating the potential for habit following these frequent procedures and figuring out one other pathway that would contribute to the nationwide opioid disaster, in response to a brand new examine by researchers on the Perelman College of Medication on the College of Pennsylvania. The findings are printed in Circulation.

Utilizing knowledge from a nationwide insurance-claims database of grownup sufferers present process cardiac implantable digital machine procedures from 2004 to 2018, the Penn researchers discovered that, of their pattern of 143,400 sufferers, 15,316 sufferers stuffed an opioid prescription inside two weeks of surgical procedure. Of these sufferers, persistent opioid use-;outlined as filling one other opioid prescription between one and 6 months after the procedure-;occurred in 1,901 sufferers (who didn’t have a historical past of opioid use), or 12.4 p.c, in comparison with 5.4 p.c of sufferers with out an preliminary opioid prescription.

Even a small variety of oxycodones can begin the habit course of. The importance of this examine is to make different electrophysiologists conscious that even a low-risk process like a pacemaker or a defibrillator can result in continual opioid use and that physicians might wish to be extra conservative in prescribing opioids after surgical procedure.”

David S. Frankel, MD,  senior creator, affiliate professor of Cardiovascular Medication and director of the Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship Program at Penn

As a result of opioids embody quite a lot of drugs containing oral hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, tramadol, codeine and different drug sorts, the researchers transformed the preliminary post-procedure opioid script-;the prescribed dose multiplied by the entire variety of pills-;into oral morphine equivalents to have a standardized measurement. They discovered that sufferers who obtained an preliminary dose of postoperative opioids exceeding 135 oral morphine equivalents-;or 18 tablets of five-milligram oxycodone-;had been at larger threat for persistent opioid use.

With this prescription quantity typically being decrease than extra invasive cardiac procedures, akin to open-heart surgical procedure, Frankel stated it is necessary for physicians to know the chance of opioid dependence even with extra minor procedures and that extreme opioid prescriptions enhance the chance of subsequent dependence. The examine, he stated, helps decrease opioid doses at discharge and utilizing various ache administration methods, akin to longer-lasting regional anesthesia throughout procedures, referred to as peripheral nerve blocks, or nonopioid drugs like Tylenol and Advil after surgical procedure. Sufferers must also obtain clear counsel, Frankel stated, to anticipate a number of days of ache and to emphasise that experiencing this ache is regular and that it ought to get higher.

Along with these interventions by care groups, lawmakers and well being care programs, together with Penn Medication, are taking numerous steps to cut back opioid prescriptions, akin to limiting prescription provides to a sure variety of days or utilizing automated textual content messaging programs to examine in with sufferers on their post-surgery ache and opioid use.

“We’re nonetheless within the midst of a really deadly well being disaster with opioid overdoses, and prescription opioids are sometimes the preliminary publicity,” Frankel stated. “Opioid dependence is not one thing that you just because the supplier can predict; it is higher to imagine that anybody may very well be prone.”

The examine was supported by the Mark Marchlinski EP Analysis and Training Fund.


College of Pennsylvania

Journal reference:

Markman, T.M., et al. (2021) Persistent Opioid Use After Cardiac Implantable Digital Gadget Procedures. Circulation.

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